The PC/104 Consortium, www.pc104.org, is a abstruse alignment that creates, maintains, and distributes blueprint acknowledging the PC/104 architecture, which includes the bus configurations PC/104, PC/104-Plus, PCI-104, PCI/104-Express, and PCIe/104 (see Figure 1). The Consortium additionally supports the anatomy factors 104, EPIC, and EBX (see Figure 2). These blueprint actualize the stackable PC from ISA to PCI to PCI Express.
The stackable PC, as its name implies, provides a modular, stackable architectonics that leverages the abundance of components, software, development tools, and all-embracing accepting of the desktop PC bazaar for anchored arrangement designers. It has absolutely followed the desktop PC starting with the ISA bus in PC/104, ISA and PCI bus in PC/104-Plus, PCI bus abandoned in PCI-104, PCI and PCI Express in PCI/104-Express, and PCI Express bus abandoned in PCIe/104.
ISA bus, continued gone from desktop PCs, is still actual abundant in appeal in anchored systems. Many Consortium associates and basic suppliers abide to accomplish accessories and boards for this accepted anchored standard. PCI bus systems congenital about PCI-104 are fielded for ambitious anchored applications about the world. PCI Express with its software affinity to PCI bus is actuality accustomed by the anchored market. The Consortium’s PCIe/104 Type 1 appearance PCI Express x1 and x16 links with USB 2.0 while Type 2 has PCI Express x1 and x4 links with USB 3.0 and SATA to abutment the latest borderline devices.
The PC/104 Consortium alien its PCI Express adaptation of the stackable PC in 2008 with a adapter that was activated to the PCI Express 2.5 Giga-Transfers/Second (GT/s) amount for x1 and x16 links. In 2011 Type 2 added PCIe/104 by alms PCI Express x4 links, SATA, and USB 3.0 in abode of the x16 link. Since all peripherals abutment both up and bottomward stacking, we are seeing manufacturers body CPUs with alone one adapter and alike some hosts with Type 1 stacking bottomward and Type 2 stacking up. This is accessible because the connectors acclimated for PCIe/104 are surface-mounted and are not appropriate to accept the aforementioned adapter agreement on the top and basal of the CPU host module.
PCI Express has avant-garde from Gen 1 to Gen 2 at 5.0 GT/s and Gen 3 at 8.0 GT/s. This is appealing fast for a stacking architectonics and requires a high-quality connector. PC/104 architectonics was activated and, as this commodity is actuality written, the PC/104 Consortium associates are voting on a new afterlight of the PCIe/104 blueprint that incorporates PCI Express Gen 2 and 3 in the stackable PC. This revised blueprint provides the guidelines to ensure anchored arrangement designers that architectonics with PCIe/104 will be as easy, rugged, and reliable as architectonics with PCI-104 and PC/104.
To acquisition out added about PC/104 or download the blueprint for free, appointment the PC/104 Consortium at www.pc104.org, area you’ll see the abundance of PC/104 architectonics products. The Consortium has afresh added videos with alike added advantageous advice on PC/104 architecture.
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