(MENAFN – Asia Times)
The Parliament of Apple Religions is advised the “oldest, largest, best assorted and across-the-board all-around interfaith event.” It has convened six times back its illustrious countdown affair in Chicago in 1893.
The seventh Parliament is convening this year from November 1-7 in Toronto. Affirming its ambition to draw “from movements of amicableness and cross-cultural account that are embodied in the spirit of the interfaith movement,” the 2018 Parliament has alleged a commendable theme: ‘The Promise of Inclusion, the Ability of Love: Pursuing All-around Understanding, Adaptation and Change.”
With an estimated 10,000 attendees, this year’s Parliament provides a admired befalling to accede the basis causes of all-around crises and approaches to acceptable change.
The accustomed environment, beastly communities and acceptable cultures are annoyed all about us. Climate-change induced hurricanes, floods, droughts and biodiversity accident are realities. By 2100, an alarming 2 billion bodies are estimated to become “climate refugees.”
Displaced from their homes by the accumulated furnishings of altitude change, abjection and political violence, caravans and boatloads of atrocious bodies are gluttonous ambush aloft accompaniment borders. Instead of chain to assure the Earth and humanity, agitator leaders, politicians and media are pitting bodies adjoin one addition forth cultural identities.
This is not a new phenomenon. As Japanese Buddhist Hirai Kinzo acicular out at the 1893 Parliament, anti-Japanese accomplishments were aggressive in the US at the time. Hate crimes adjoin immigrants, Jews, blacks and added bodies of blush are afresh on the acceleration in the US and Europe. So are ethno-religious conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.
Great brainy disorders and the accessible availability of weapons accept fabricated accumulation shootings a accustomed accident in the United States. Internationally backed wars fought forth ethno-religious curve accept led to accumulation starvation and genocide in Yemen and added regions.
It is all-important to move aloft polarizations such as “us vs them,” “good vs bad,” and “liberal vs conservative” affected by boilerplate book and amusing media as able-bodied as academia. We charge admit how an ” ego alertness ” promoting individualism, antagonism and ascendancy has ascended at the claimed and civic levels of nations, in ethno-religious groups, and in how bodies chronicle to added beastly and activity forms.
While ego consciousness, ascendancy and abandon absolutely predated the avant-garde era, the a apple seems to be demography them to the analytic extreme: beastly and all-embracing annihilation.
Despite their differences over the civilian accompaniment and autonomous norms, both conservatives and liberals advocate the accumulated backer system. Alike religious extremists adjoin to US aggressive and political ability and Western ability are not afraid to partaking in the all-around abridgement and Western technology to accomplish their political goals.
However, back commercialism is unquestioningly accustomed as sacrosanct, it becomes a anatomy of bread-and-er fundamentalism. Convergence of bread-and-er and ethno-religious fundamentalisms accord acceleration to circuitous amusing dynamics that arrest “understanding, adaptation and change” and the ability of the “promise of admittance and the ability of love” alleged for by the Parliament of Apple Religions.
Today, the backer abridgement integrates the absolute apple aural one commutual bazaar and abstruse arrangement that added controls all aspects of life. A few ample transnational corporations ascendancy greater shares of all-around abundance and assets and apply added ability over people’s lives and the ambiance than best nation-states. Alleged “world empires of the 21st century,” corporations accept added captured governments, multilateral and altruistic institutions, able non-governmental alignment and the boilerplate media, acute governments to acclimatize their behavior to clothing accumulated interests.
For example, according to a abstraction by the Abutment of Concerned Scientists , ‘more than bisected of all automated carbon emissions were appear into the atmosphere back 1988, afterwards aloft fossil-fuel companies absolutely knew about the corruption their articles were causing to the climate.” However, austere efforts to adapt the fossil-fuel industry or to acquisition alternatives to market-based solutions to all-around abating accept not been fabricated alike by governments advised to be progressive.
As transnational accumulated ascendancy is circumscribed in about every sector, all-around bread-and-er asperity deepens. The Swiss coffer Credit Suisse appear in 2017 that the ri 1% accept accumulated added abundance than the blow of the apple put together.
Conservatives, liberals and individuals with altered ethno-religious identities accomplish up the cool elite. However, the acute maldistribution of abundance at both civic and all-around levels has austere implications for the adaptation of bodies and all-around accord and stability.
Alike the bare social-welfare casework beforehand provided by states are actuality dismantled by privatization and added corporate-led policies. As the accompaniment is displaced from its socio-economic functions, it is bargain to actuality an academy of advocacy and a agent for advancement law and order.
Back bread-and-er crises worsen, indigenous and religious cleavages sharpen, ascent into conflicts and alike all-embracing civilian wars. Divide-and-conquer behavior of bounded and alien elites comedy a cogent role in the acceleration and advance of culturally based conflicts aloft the world. Best communities are not inherently afraid adjoin culturally altered others. Abounding alleged ethno-religious conflicts are advisedly created and manipulated by vested interests.
Today, besieged states appear to await added and added on militarism and the affairs of weapons from the affluent arms-exporting countries. The constant associates of the United Nations Security Council are the primary weapons producers and exporters. The United States charcoal the world’s arch accoutrements exporter ; China’s accoutrements exports accept added 38% back the 2008-12 period.
Back bartering and ascendancy abound over social, ecology and ethical criteria, assembly and business of adverse appurtenances and services, such as the accoutrements barter and fossil-fuel production, prevail, abrasive the “inclusion” and “love” alleged for by the Parliament of Apple Religions.
Political armament that affirmation to ample the bread-and-er and affecting vacuums created by accumulated globalization and militarism are advancing in abounding genitalia of the world. Access to employment, education, money and alike aliment are commonly provided by hundreds of evangelical Christian sects operating in the all-around South and the aloft Soviet bloc.
Best of these sects accept their agent and accept allotment from able networks of ancestor churches in the US. Fundamentalist Islamic groups, adjourned from the oil-rich Middle East, abnormally Saudi Arabia, additionally accommodate basal needs to those accommodating to accompany them. Islamic schools in poor countries like Pakistan and Indonesia are “total institutions.” They attending afterwards the basal needs of students, inculcating in them a politically activist Islam that generally equates acceptance with martyrdom.
Grassroots mobilization allows fundamentalist movements to access the accessible arena politically to added their own agendas. Unlike Christian Liberation Theology, which mobilized the poor to activity for amusing amends and empowerment in Latin America in beforehand decades, great evangelical Christian sects alive amid poor communities today are administering accumulation anguish and acrimony adjoin close conservancy at the amount of efforts for amusing transformation.
Proselytizing sects advance beneath abjection and absolutism of barbarous regimes absolutely because they abort to claiming them. Thus religious fundamentalism can accommodate a amusing and cerebral foundation to accumulated globalization and militarism.
Unethical about-face application bread-and-er incentives and abbreviating abandon of best and acceptance are adverse to the Parliament’s charge to “movements of amicableness and cross-cultural account that are embodied in the spirit of the interfaith movement.” Hindu luminary Swami Vivekananda acicular this out at the countdown Parliament in 1893:
The access wielded by evidently adjourned Christian alms groups and NGOS and by pan-Islamic Wahhabi and added armament actualize suspicion amid bounded religious communities. Fears over their concrete and cultural adaptation accept accustomed acceleration to Hindu and Buddhist mobilization adjoin Christians and Muslims in South and Southeast Asia. While assailment charge never be condoned, it is all-important to appraise how abjection and disability accept engendered such outcomes.
In the West too, annoyance and acerbity associated with accelerated socio-economic and demographic changes accept been mobilized abundantly adjoin cultural others and abundant beneath adjoin abbreviating accumulated bread-and-er and abstruse control. In the accomplished few decades, white bellicism has succeeded in alive the political spectrum to the appropriate in both the US and Europe.
Class-based backroom such as abutment acclimation is giving way to identity-based backroom and acceptance of xenophobic political leaders and neo-Nazi groups. Liberalism , with its own focus on character backroom and carelessness of structural transformation of the bread-and-er system, is partly to be abhorrent for this about-face of events.
The addition to the ego-consciousness constant in the attitude of abhorrence and “self vs other” mentality is a accustomed alertness ashore in the accuracy of accord aural diversity. Amicableness and inter-cultural account alleged for by the interfaith movement account the accustomed alertness and its belief of generosity and partnership.
Back applying this college alertness to policymaking, dizzying accumulated advance cannot be accustomed as inevitable. Ethical, social, ecology and cultural acceptance can be alien into accumulated accommodation making. The all-around bread-and-er arrangement has to be adapted so that benevolence and amusing amends abound over acute acquisitiveness and selfishness.
Fossil-fuel combustion, assembly and administration of weapons and abandon in the media charge to be regulated. A aloof and acceptable bread-and-er arrangement that satisfies basal beastly needs for food, water, shelter, apprenticeship and bloom care, including brainy health, is capital for abbreviating acrimony and acerbity that is overextension ethnicity- and religion-based abandon everywhere.
This transformation requires citizens to booty aggregate activity to adjust political and bread-and-er institutions through socially and environmentally amenable investment, civilian disobedience, and changes of burning patterns and lifestyles. Electoral attack accounts ameliorate is best important, abnormally in the US. Transformation comes ultimately from an close activation to the absoluteness of alternation and a adherence to the advancement of adversity of all.
“Let one not deceive nor abhor addition person, anywhere at all. In acrimony and ill-will, let him not ambition any corruption to another. Aloof as a mother would assure her alone adolescent with her own life, alike so, let him breed great thoughts of admiring affection appear all beings. Let him breed great thoughts of admiring affection appear the accomplished apple – above, beneath and all around, unobstructed, chargeless from abhorrence and enmity. Whether standing, walking, built-in or lying down, as continued as he is awake, he should advance this mindfulness. This, they say, is the all-powerful constant here.…”
(This commodity is excerpted from the author’s presentation at the 2018 Parliament of Apple Religions)
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