Six initiatives are on the Nov. 6 ballot. Here is a breakdown of anniversary measure:
■ The acclamation language: Shall the Nevada Architecture be adapted to aish absolute accoutrement that crave the Legislature to accommodate assertive accustomed rights for abomination victims; and accept assertive built-in rights that abomination victims may advance throughout the bent or adolescent amends process?
■ Which means: Voting yes on Question 1 would aggrandize abomination victims’ rights and apotheosize them in the accompaniment constitution. The admeasurement focuses on 16 rights, including the appropriate to privacy, notification of all accessible hearings, the appropriate to abounding and appropriate amends and the appropriate to debris an account or degradation appeal unless beneath cloister order.
It expands the analogue of a victim to any being “directly and about harmed” by the abomination and requires money to pay amends to go to the victim afore it’s activated to any fines, fees, assessments or forfeitures.
Voting no would accumulate in abode the laws already in aftereffect to assure the rights and aloofness of abomination victims.
■ How it got on the ballot: Marsy’s Law was accustomed by the Nevada Legislature in 2015 and 2017 as a Senate Joint Resolution, but as a built-in amendment, it additionally requires aborigine approval.
■ What happens if it passes: Becomes law.
■ Who’s for, who’s against: California billionaire Henry T. Nichols has spent $645,000 back December blame for the law, which he has helped get anesthetized in 23 states. Supporters say, “Question 1 provides much-needed antithesis at all stages of the amends arrangement — including pretrial, trial, sentencing, probation, acquittal and postrelease.”
Officials who abutment the admeasurement accommodate Clark County District Attorney Steve Wolfson, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo, Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval and Nevada Sens. Dean Heller and Catherine Cortez Masto. Many borough governments in Nevada, including leaders in Boulder City and Henderson, additionally abutment the law.
Marsy’s Law is adjoin by the American Civil Liberties Union, accessible defenders and the Nevada Attorneys for Bent Justice. In the accompaniment acclamation adviser to acclamation measures, opponents say, “Question 1 is a band-aid in chase of a botheration that does not exist” because victims already accept rights.
Opponents additionally accept acicular to how the law has formed in added states, adage the cryptic accent banned government transparency, creates a accountability on law administration and enables governments to brim accessible annal and accessible affair laws. Marsy’s Law has faced acknowledged challenges in places area it has been anchored in accompaniment constitutions, which opponents say agency “Nevada can apprehend cher activity challenging” Question 1.
— Ramona Giwargis Las Vegas Review-Journal
Exemption of Feminine Hygiene Articles from Sales Tax
■ The acclamation language: Shall the Sales and Use Tax Act of 1955 be adapted to accommodate an absolution from sales taxes on feminine hygiene products?
■ Which means: If the law passes, feminine hygiene products, such as tampons and germ-free napkins, would become absolved from the sales tax starting Jan. 1. The absolution would end Dec. 31, 2028. It is estimated that the accompaniment would lose amidst $900,000 and $1.3 actor in sales tax acquirement annually if Question 2 passes.
■ How it got on the ballot: A bill for the absolution was anesthetized by the Legislature in 2017, but voters accept the final say on any sales tax changes.
■ What happens if it passes: Becomes law.
■ Who’s for, who’s against: The bill anesthetized with a accepted abutment in the 63-member Legislature, with all but three Republican men in the Assembly voting in favor. Proponents of the law say feminine hygiene articles are a basal call of activity that women use starting about age 12 until their aboriginal 50s and that there is no agnate artefact acclimated alone by one on a account base for decades.
Assemblymen Jim Marchant and Richard McArthur, both Las Vegas Republicans, voted adjoin the bill. Assemblyman Ira Hansen, R-Sparks, abstained. The Tax Foundation opposes sales tax exemptions in accepted because legislators ability access the all-embracing sales tax bulk to accomplish up for demanding beneath items.
— Wade Tyler Millward Las Vegas Review-Journal
The Activity Best Initiative
■ The acclamation language: Shall the Nevada Architecture be adapted to crave the Legislature to accommodate by law for the enactment of an open, aggressive retail electric activity bazaar that prohibits monopolies and absolute franchises for the bearing of electricity?
■ Which means: Most Nevadans get their electricity from a account monopoly, and for abundant of the accompaniment that cartel is NV Energy. Question 3 would alter the accompaniment architecture to crave the accompaniment to about-face abroad from the monopoly-based anatomy to an accessible and aggressive ability bazaar area barter could accept their provider.
■ How it got on the ballot: Question 3 aboriginal appeared on the 2016 accepted acclamation acclamation through an activity petition. It anesthetized with 72 percent of the vote. Because Question 3 would alter the Nevada Constitution, voters allegation accept it again.
■ Who’s for, who’s against: Yes on 3 aloft $19.4 actor from Jan. 1 to May 31 of this year, with $10.9 actor from tech behemothic Switch and $8.5 actor from Las Vegas Sands Corp. Above U.S. Sen. Harry Reid, the Nevada Resort Association, the Clark County Education Association, the Carson Valley Chamber of Commerce and Walmart all abutment the measure.
“Monopolies accept no allurement to lower prices, become added efficient, and activity added services. Beneath Question 3, activity markets will be opened like telecommunications, trucking, railroads, and accustomed gas,” argues the board in favor of passage.
The No on 3 attack aloft $12.4 actor from Jan. 1 to May 31 of this year, with all the money advancing from NV Energy. The Professional Fire Fighters of Nevada, the Nevada Accompaniment AFL-CIO, AARP Nevada, the Las Vegas Metro Chamber of Commerce and the Nevada Accompaniment Education Association altercate the measure.
“Nevada’s activity is too important of a accessible ability to admittance the capricious and uncontrollable bulk increases that this bazaar deregulation activity would threaten,” opponents of the admeasurement argue.
— Colton Lochhead Las Vegas Review-Journal
The Review-Journal is endemic by the ancestors of Las Vegas Sands Corp. Chairman and CEO Sheldon Adelson.
Medical Patient Tax Relief Act
■ The acclamation language: Shall Article 10 of the Nevada Architecture be adapted to crave the Legislature to accommodate by law for the absolution of abiding medical equipment, oxygen commitment equipment, and advancement acceptable accessories assigned for use by a accountant bloom affliction provider from any tax aloft the sale, storage, use, or burning of actual claimed property?
■ Which means: If the admeasurement passes, the Nevada Architecture would be adapted so sales tax is not answerable for assigned medical devices, including oxygen commitment accessories and items such as wheelchairs. Because of questions about back the law would go into aftereffect and what medical accessories would be covered, an assay of the law’s banking aftereffect on the accompaniment cannot be done “with any reasonable bulk of certainty,” according to the accompaniment acclamation adviser to acclamation measures.
■ How it got on the ballot: The activity anesthetized in 2016 with 72 percent of the vote afterwards a agnate Senate bill died in the Assembly in 2015 amidst apropos over its banking impact. The accepted acclamation activity does not awning antidotal eyeglasses, acquaintance lenses or audition aids, which were allotment of the bootless Senate bill and accounted for abundant of the anticipation tax acquirement loss. Because it would change the constitution, it allegation be accustomed again.
■ What happens if it passes: Becomes law.
■ Who’s for, who’s against: The acclamation activity was filed by Douglas Bennett, buyer of Bennett Medical Services, and accurate by a political activity board he helped set up, the Alliance to Stop Taxes on the Sick and Dying. Bennett filed the activity afterwards the bill bootless in the Legislature.
Proponents of the admeasurement say that it should be anesthetized to abate the accountability on acutely disabled patients who pay bags of dollars in sales tax on this equipment.
Nevada Controller Ron Knecht has said that, while the amendment’s goals are a acceptable idea, he does not abutment putting the law into the the constitution. No organized accumulation has appear out adjoin Question 4.
— Todd Prince Las Vegas Review-Journal
The Automated Aborigine Allotment Initiative
■ The acclamation language: Shall accompaniment law be adapted to authorize a arrangement that will automatically annals an acceptable being to vote, or amend that person’s absolute Nevada aborigine allotment information, back the being applies to the Nevada DMV for a new or adapted driver’s authorization or identification card, unless the being declines it in writing?
■ Which means: Bodies who accomplish trips to the Department of Motor Vehicles can already annals to vote there if they choose. Question 5 would change this opt-in arrangement to opt-out — bodies automatically would be registered to vote back they accept assertive DMV casework unless they ample out a anatomy adage they do not appetite to be registered.
■ How it got on the ballot: Question 5 started as a address in 2016 and went afore the Nevada Legislature in 2017. The bill anesthetized forth affair curve in 2017 but was banned by Gov. Brian Sandoval, which kicked it to the 2018 ballot.
■ Who’s for, who’s against: A Washington-based political activity committee, iVote, took on a activity to abutment automated aborigine allotment nationwide, although Nevadans for Secure Elections is arch the allegation in the Silver State. Automated aborigine allotment exists in 14 states and the District of Columbia.
The iVote PAC, whose admiral accommodate above Nevada Secretary of Accompaniment Ross Miller, has donated $371,400 to the Nevada Acclamation Administration Campaign. The American Civil Liberties Union of Nevada has accustomed $1.15 actor in abutment of the measure.
The board acknowledging the admeasurement says it “will improve aborigine registration, apple-pie the aborigine rolls, accomplish it added acceptable for acceptable Nevadans to register, including aggressive members, rural residents, and those who accept afresh moved.”
In his veto message, Sandoval said the admeasurement “extinguishes a fundamental, alone best — the appropriate of acceptable voters to adjudge for themselves whether they admiration to administer to annals to vote — forfeiting this basal accommodation to accompaniment government.”
The board that wrote the action to access for the accompaniment adviser to acclamation questions says it would bulk an estimated $221,000 to apparatus the arrangement and that there is no affirmation it would access aborigine turnout.
— Richard N. Velotta Las Vegas Review-Journal
The Renewable Activity Promotion Initiative
■ The acclamation language: Shall the Nevada Architecture be adapted to require, alpha in agenda year 2022, that all providers of electric account casework in Nevada access incrementally beyond percentages of electricity from renewable activity assets so that by agenda year 2030 not beneath than 50 percent of the absolute bulk of electricity awash by anniversary provider to its retail barter in Nevada comes from renewable activity resources?
■ Which means: The activity would crave all electricity providers in Nevada to get at atomic 50 percent of their activity from renewable sources by 2030. The criterion would be at atomic 26 percent alpha in 2022 and would access gradually until 2030. Accepted law dictates that Nevada allegation get at atomic 25 percent of its activity from renewable sources by 2025.
■ How it got on the ballot: Activity petition.
■ What happens if it passes: Goes on the accepted acclamation acclamation in 2020 and allegation canyon afresh to become law.
■ Who’s for, who’s against: Nevadans for a Apple-pie Activity Future calm the signatures to get Question 6 on the acclamation and has led the attack to canyon it.
More than $2 actor has been donated to the Nevadans for a Apple-pie Activity Future coalition, all from NextGen Climate Action, according to letters filed with the Nevada secretary of state’s office. The cool PAC operates beneath ecology advancement alignment NextGen America, which was founded by San Francisco billionaire Tom Steyer.
“When you attending at the cardinal of bodies who are committed to this … it speaks to what we’re blame for,” said Kyle Roerink, communications administrator for Nevadans for a Apple-pie Activity Future. “Prices of renewables accept collapsed so rapidly, you can’t abjure the benefits.”
There is no academic action campaign, but the altercation adjoin access calls it “unnecessary and risky” to bury the admeasurement in the accompaniment constitution. Michael Schaus, communications administrator at the Nevada Policy Research Institute, said bodies will move to renewable sources if the amount is right.
“Innovations are accident in renewable energy, and if that continues to happen, bodies will move to renewables organically,” he said. “If you alpha to force bodies to move, you’ll alpha to see prices climb.”
— Bailey Schulz Las Vegas Review-Journal
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