R&D spending added 5.3 percent from 2015
October 12, 2018
Businesses spent a absolute of $375 billion on analysis and development (R&D) achievement in the United States in 2016, an access of 5.3 percent from 2015. Allotment from companies’ own sources was $318 billion in 2016, an access of 7 percent from 2015. Allotment from added sources was $57 billion in 2016 and $59 billion in 2015.
Of the $375 billion companies spent on R&D in 2016, $25 billion (7 percent) was spent on basal research, $61 billion (16 percent) on activated research, and $289 billion (77 percent) on development, a agnate administration to spending in 2015.
The federal government was the arch antecedent of alien allotment for R&D above all industries, accounting for $24 billion of the $57 billion of alien funding. Aing amid alien funders were adopted companies ($18 billion) and added U.S. companies ($14 billion).
Most of the federal allotment came from the Department of Defense ($16 billion). Of all federal funding, 92 percent went against aerospace articles and genitalia ($13 billion), professional, accurate and abstruse casework ($5 billion), and computer and cyberbanking articles ($4 billion).
Businesses that performed or adjourned R&D active 19.3 actor bodies in the United States in 2016. Approximately 1.5 actor (8 percent) were R&D employees.
Companies with 250 to 24,999 calm advisers performed 53 percent of the nation’s absolute business R&D. These companies active 46 percent of those who formed for R&D-performing or R&D-funding companies and active 54 percent of R&D advisers in the United States.
The better companies (those with 25,000 or added calm employees) performed 36 percent of the nation’s absolute business R&D. They active 46 percent of those who formed for R&D-performing or R&D-funding companies and active 26 percent of R&D advisers in the United States.
Micro-, small- and medium-sized companies (those with 5 to 249 calm employees) performed 11 percent of the nation’s absolute business R&D in 2016. These companies active 9 percent of advisers who formed for R&D-performing or R&D-funding companies and 20 percent of the 1.5 actor advisers affianced in business R&D in the United States.
U.S. companies that performed or adjourned R&D appear calm net sales of $9 abundance in 2016.
Business R&D is concentrated in a almost baby cardinal of states. In 2016, businesses in California accounted for 33 percent of companies’ R&D spending. States with the aing accomplished amounts of R&D spending were Washington and Massachusetts, anniversary with 6 percent of R&D spending, and Michigan and Texas, anniversary with 5 percent.
The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) aural the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Census Bureau developed and cosponsored the Business R&D and Addition Survey (BRDIS).
The 2016 BRDIS aeon will be the survey’s final aeon in its accepted form. NCSES and the U.S. Census Bureau are adventure a separate, added absolute accumulating of abstracts on business addition activities to be included in the Annual Business Survey they cosponsor. For 2017 and beyond, BRDIS will become the new Business Analysis and Development Survey (BRDS).
For added breakdowns of 2016 abstracts and abstracts tables, amuse see the report.
Media Contacts Stanley Dambroski, NSF, (703) 292-7728, email: [email protected]
Program Contacts Raymond M. Wolfe, NSF, (703) 292-7789, email: [email protected]
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an absolute federal bureau that supports axiological analysis and apprenticeship above all fields of science and engineering. In budgetary year (FY) 2018, its account is $7.8 billion. NSF funds ability all 50 states through grants to about 2,000 colleges, universities and added institutions. Anniversary year, NSF receives added than 50,000 aggressive proposals for allotment and makes about 12,000 new allotment awards.
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