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AMY GOODMAN: This is Democracy Now! I’m Amy Goodman, with Juan González.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: We’re continuing our chat on voting rights. Still with us is assistant Carol Anderson, columnist of the new book One Person, No Vote: How Aborigine Aishment Is Destroying Our Democracy. The book looks at how African-American aborigine accord has been systematically compromised back the 2013 Supreme Court accommodation that gutted the 1965 Voting Rights Act. In her new book, Anderson advance the consecutive acceleration of aborigine aishment laws beyond the United States so that by the 2016 acclamation the cardinal of atramentous voters civic abandoned from 66 percent assembly to beneath 60 percent. The alterity was greater in assertive key areas like Milwaukee, area assembly went bottomward from 78 percent in 2012 to beneath than 50 percent four years later. President Trump won Wisconsin by a allowance of beneath than 23,000 votes.
AMY GOODMAN: And Carol Anderson is armchair of the African American Studies Department at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. Again, her book, One Person, No Vote: How Aborigine Aishment Is Destroying Our Democracy. So, Assistant Anderson, would you say that President Trump won in 2016 because of aborigine suppression?
CAROL ANDERSON: Absolutely. Absolutely. In White Rage, one of the—in the coda of White Rage, one of the things that I looked at was aborigine aishment in Wisconsin and abomination disenfranchisement in Florida, in those two states alone, so that in 2016, there were 60,000 beneath votes casting in 2016 in Wisconsin. Sixty-eight percent of that bead came out of Milwaukee, area 70 percent of the state’s atramentous citizenry lives. And so, in that—and Milwaukee is a Democratic stronghold. So, the change there, because of the aborigine aishment put in abode by Scott Walker and the Republican Legislature, that accurately targeted Milwaukee, that had a massive shift. And so, that attenuated allowance that Trump won in Wisconsin, that is due to what happened there in Milwaukee. And, in fact, a abstraction showed that 8 percent of whites could not vote because of aborigine ID laws, but 27 percent of African Americans in Wisconsin could not vote because of aborigine ID laws. Aborigine aishment swung the Electoral College in Wisconsin to Trump.
And then, with abomination disenfranchisement in Florida, aloof attractive at the numbers there, and the numbers appearance that 80 percent of those who are blank are Democrats, and that in agreement of aborigine assembly rate, for those who acquire regained their abounding citizenship rights, their voting rights, is that you’re attractive at about a 20 percent assembly rate. Aloof active those numbers alone, it showed that the hundred-plus-thousand allowance that Trump won in actuality would acquire addled to over 200-plus-thousand for Hillary Clinton. Those two states alone—the Electoral College achievement in those two states abandoned would acquire swung to Hillary Clinton. Trump won by aborigine suppression.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: Well, Carol Anderson, I’d like to ask you—in one of the capacity in your book, you detail the assorted means that aborigine aishment has been acclimated in contempo years, abnormally afterwards the Supreme Court Shelby decision, but affiliate three, you allocution about aborigine cycle purges. And I appetite to aloof apprehend the aboriginal few sentences there. “The adventure apprehend like article beeline out of Stalinist Russia. But this blow account was in the United States in the 21st century. Virginia: 41,637 purged. Florida: 182,000 purged. Indiana: 481,235 purged. Georgia: 591,549 purged. Ohio: two actor purged.” The affair of how the ablution of rolls—now, clearly, abounding rolls, in abounding cities especially, charge to be purged because bodies move and they balloon to reregister, or they reregister and their old abode is still there. But these are alarming numbers in agreement of purges beyond the country in abounding of these states.
CAROL ANDERSON: Absolutely. Absolutely. And so, the National Aborigine Registration Act is actual bright about how aborigine cycle aliment is declared to happen. But what we see are actual advancing secretaries of accompaniment who are absence over abounding of those accomplish and activity beeline to nonvoting as the acumen why bodies are actuality purged. And so, what we acquire here, for instance, in Georgia, is that Brian Kemp’s appointment has said, “We don’t aition bodies because they haven’t voted regularly. We aition bodies because they haven’t had approved acquaintance with acclamation officials.” But if you haven’t afflicted your name, again you’re not activity to acquire a acquaintance with acclamation officials. If you haven’t confused out of one voting precinct, one administration to another—not affective within, but affective alfresco of—then you’re not activity to acquire contact. And so, the alone acumen you haven’t had approved acquaintance again is that you haven’t voted regularly.
Well, what we apperceive from the analysis is that minorities, poor bodies and adolescent bodies don’t vote regularly. And so it becomes a way—by application that appropriate as a way to clean them off of the aborigine rolls. From 2016 to 2018, so in the accomplished two years, a Brennan Center address shows that Kemp’s appointment has removed 10.6 percent of registered voters off of the rolls in Georgia. Over 10 percent acquire been removed off of the rolls in the accomplished two years. That’s not aborigine cycle maintenance; that is absolutely alpha to accept the electorate.
AMY GOODMAN: You know, it seems like a aisle to governorship or Senate is to be secretary of accompaniment of any state—right?—where you’re activity to actuate who is activity to vote. Now, if you could talk, Carol Anderson, broadly in the country, but application specific examples of, as you allocution about—you’re a professor, armchair of African American Studies at Emory—what the analysis shows about the limitations that are put on voters, and who that disproportionately affects, why bodies of blush and poor bodies are best disproportionately affected, application specific examples?
CAROL ANDERSON: Yes. And so, the best way to allocution about this—for instance, aborigine IDs. Aborigine IDs complete absolutely innocuous, but they’re based on the lie, the artifice of aborigine fraud, the lie of aborigine fraud. Aborigine artifice is a myth. Justin Levitt, a assistant out of California, accepted that out of—from 2000 to 2014, there had been 1 billion votes in the United States. Out of those 1 billion, he was able to certificate 31 cases of aborigine clothing fraud. Thirty-one out of 1 billion. So that’s about two a year.
Based on that lie of massive, aggressive aborigine fraud, we get this movement against aborigine IDs to assure the candor of the election box. So it’s what Ari Berman talked about. So, you address the laws in agreement of the kinds of IDs and what those IDs charge have, and so you address those laws, for instance, in North Dakota, so now Native Americans are not activity to be able to vote en masse the way they could have, because of a simple abuse in that law of aborigine ID that is based on a lie.
And so, what we see, as well, in Alabama, what Alabama did in agreement of aborigine suppression, its aborigine ID law, is it said, “OK, you acquire to acquire a government-issued photo ID.” The Legal Defense Fund acclaimed that somehow accessible apartment ID was not on that account of government-issued photo ID. Alabama is a poor state. They acquire abounding bodies in accessible housing, 71 percent of whom are African-American. But Alabama disqualified that accessible apartment ID was not an adequate anatomy of government-issued photo ID. But it doesn’t get added government-issued than accessible housing.
And again what Alabama did was say, “OK, but, you know, your driver’s authorization will count.” Again Alabama shut bottomward the Department of Motor Vehicles in the Atramentous Belt counties. And those are counties in Alabama that are overwhelmingly poor and that additionally acquire a ample cardinal of African Americans. And so, now you had at atomic about a 50-mile cruise in adjustment to get to the aing Department of Motor Vehicles. Well, Alabama is ranked 48th in the nation in accessible transportation. So you don’t acquire accessible busline to go the 50 afar to get the driver’s license. But if you don’t acquire a driver’s license, how do you drive 50 miles? I mean, so—
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: Well, Carol, Carol Anderson—
CAROL ANDERSON: Yes.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: We acquire about a minute left. I capital to ask you to additionally allocution about gerrymandering, which abounding bodies acquire these canicule as a actuality of life. But what is the appulse of gerrymandering on voting?
CAROL ANDERSON: Yeah, the gerrymandering, acute accessory gerrymandering, has adulterated the vote. It depresses the vote, because you acquire noncompetitive races. But what it’s additionally done is to put 16 to 26 added Republican seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. And it’s created these kinds of safe, rotten apple districts area politicians were able to accept their voters instead of their voters allotment them.
This is why you see that affectionate of massive alterity back Congress is affective to cut and gut the Affordable Care Act, but 70 percent of Americans appetite that act strengthened, they appetite admission to healthcare; area you see the majority, the cutting majority of Americans, did not appetite that tax bill that confused $1.5 abundance to the uber-wealthy, yet you had Congress sailing that bill through. That is because they did not acquire to be acknowledging to the will of the voters. That’s what gerrymandering does.
AMY GOODMAN: Carol Anderson, we appetite to acknowledge you so abundant for actuality with us, armchair of African American Studies Department at Emory University, columnist of One Person, No Vote: How Aborigine Aishment Is Destroying Our Democracy. She’ll be speaking at the Schomburg Center actuality in New York on October 25th.
I’ll be speaking on Friday night in Gainesville, Florida, at the Forage Hall at Working Food Community Center at 7 p.m. Saturday, I’ll be in Melbourne, Florida, with Desmond Meade and ACLU Florida’s Executive Director Howard Simon. Check our website. I’m Amy Goodman, with Juan González.
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